Transparent Hands https://www.transparenthands.org Providing Free Medical & Surgical Care Tue, 15 Feb 2022 12:32:16 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://i2.wp.com/www.transparenthands.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/TransparentHands-logo-1.png?fit=32%2C29&ssl=1 Transparent Hands https://www.transparenthands.org 32 32 Top 5 Surgeries in Pakistan https://www.transparenthands.org/top-5-surgeries-in-pakistan/ https://www.transparenthands.org/top-5-surgeries-in-pakistan/#respond Tue, 15 Feb 2022 12:32:16 +0000 https://www.transparenthands.org/?p=141870 Surgery is a medical procedure that involves making incisions in

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Surgery is a medical procedure that involves making incisions in the body to remove or fix a part of or an entire organ. It can either be diagnostic, also known as exploratory surgery, or fixating surgery to fix the problem within the body. Even though a number of surgeries are carried out on daily basis at hospitals, the top five surgeries in Pakistan include:

1. Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)

CABG is a heart surgery that is carried out by a cardiothoracic surgeon. It is done to relieve the obstruction in the coronary artery – vessels that supply blood to the heart. Patients with age above 50 are more likely to undergo this surgery.

As we grow older, the blood vessels lose their elasticity and become hardened. Furthermore, cholesterol also starts accumulating in the vessels, which prevents the flow of blood to the heart. Patients experiencing angina can be treated with medications. But if the obstruction blocks the entire flow, surgeons have to intervene and perform the surgery.

Surgeons take a graft of a blood vessel from another part of the body and use it to bypass the affected part of the coronary artery. When the graft is in place the blood can flow smoothly and prevent the patient from suffering myocardial infarction also known as Heart Attack.

CABG can be done for multiple coronary arteries depending on the number of blockades. The alternative to CABG is angioplasty but that is reserved for patients with less severe conditions. Surgery is done under general anesthesia and the recovery time is about 12 weeks after the operation.

Complications

  • Surgical site infection
  • Acute kidney injury
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Bleeding

2. Cancer Removal Surgery

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and the mortality rate in Pakistan is also significant. Some malignant tumors can be removed via surgery and this is known as cancer removal surgery. Oncologists assist the surgeon in identifying the cancerous tissues and the team of surgeons takes them out.

The site of surgery depends on the location of the cancerous cells. In breast cancers, surgeons have to remove the entire breast which is known as mammectomy. Similarly, if the pancreas is affected, the surgeon may have to remove some part of or the entire organ. Depending on the type of organ affected by cancer, the removal surgeries may include:

  • Thyroidectomy
  • Hysterectomy
  • Parathyroidectomy
  • Craniotomy
  • Orchidectomy

Sometimes surgeons also explore the body to look how far cancer has spread and such surgeries are known as exploratory surgeries. 

Cesarean Section

Cesarean Section, commonly known as C-section, is performed on pregnant mothers to deliver the baby. While natural delivery is the preferred method there are several reasons physicians may recommend C-section. These include:

  • Prolonged or stalled labor
  • Abnormal positioning of the baby
  • Fetal distress
  • Birth defects
  • Chronic health condition
  • Cord prolapses
  • Cephalopelvic disproportion
  • Placental issues
  • Multiple babies

C-sections are also sometimes done at the discretion of mothers. It is relatively less painful than normal delivery as the patient is under anesthesia. Recovery time is about six weeks provided that no complication occurs.

Complications Of C-Section

  • Surgical Site Infection
  • Postpartum Hemorrhage
  • Blood clot
  • Increased risk for future pregnancies
  • Surgical injury

Laparotomy

A surgical incision in the abdominal cavity for diagnosis or treatment of a medical condition is laparotomy. It is carried out to fix the problems within our abdominal region. The conditions that may require laparotomy include:

  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Intestinal adhesion
  • Perforation in intestine or nearby organ
  • Bleeding inside the abdomen
  • Abdominal Trauma
  • Removal of gallbladder
  • Removal of ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus

It is carried out under general anesthesia by general surgeons. The recovery time depends on the region and extent of surgery.

Complications of Laparotomy

  • Bleeding
  • Infections
  • Intestinal adhesion
  • Clot
  • Surgical injury to nearby organs
  • Formation of internal scar tissues
  • Bowel blockage
  • Abdominal pain

Laparoscopy

A laparoscopy is an advanced form of laparotomy which was developed to mitigate the risk associated with cutting into the abdomen. With laparoscopy, surgeons make small holes inside the abdomen or pelvis and use specialized instruments to perform surgeries. Some conditions which may require laparoscopy include:

  • Ovarian cancer
  • Gallstones
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Ectopic pregnancies
  • Fibroids

Laparoscopies are done under general anesthesia. 

Complications of Laparoscopy  

  • Vascular Injuries
  • Bowel Injuries
  • Genitourinary injuries
  • Incisional hernias
  • Gas embolism

Bottom Line

Surgeries are carried out to eliminate potentially fatal medical problems in the patients. Although there is a certain risk associated with them, they carry more benefits. Transparent Hands provides all of these as well as other surgeries free of charge to deserving patients. We need your generous donations to keep doing so.

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Amputation: A common surgery in Pakistan https://www.transparenthands.org/amputation-a-common-surgery-in-pakistan/ https://www.transparenthands.org/amputation-a-common-surgery-in-pakistan/#respond Tue, 15 Feb 2022 11:35:07 +0000 https://www.transparenthands.org/?p=141857 Amputation is the loss of body parts like toes, fingers,

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Amputation is the loss of body parts like toes, fingers, arms, legs, or hands due to trauma or surgery. Sometimes, surgical amputation becomes a necessity to save a patient’s life. It is a life-changing experience for patients who face several challenges including the inability to stand up and walk. Such patients may also need psychological help in addition to prosthetics therapy.

Types of Amputation  

Curative Amputation

The amputations carried out to treat life-threatening medical conditions are curative. Patients with refractory diabetes are often at the receiving end of such treatments. And the amputation usually involves legs and feet as they are affected by gangrene or other infections.

Preventive Amputation

Preventive amputations are done to save the patients from a medical condition that they can develop later in life. Usually, patients with a high risk of certain malignancies undergo this type of amputation.

Accidental Amputation

Machinal accidents in industrial settings are amongst the leading causes of amputations. Although many strict measures are in place to prevent these accidents, they do happen now 

and then. Road accidents can also lead to amputations.

Reason For Amputation

Medically, there are several conditions that require surgical amputation to save the patient’s life. Some of these conditions include:

Diabetes

Diabetic patients have impaired physical ability to heal themselves from infections. Pain receptors in such patients are also often desensitized. Patients unknowingly suffer from the infection and know about it only when it has already spread widely. The feet of patients are usually affected. That is precisely why health professionals recommend soft footwear for such patients.

If the infection goes untreated, it can convert into gangrene which is dead tissue. It releases several toxic chemicals into the bloodstream that can be potentially fatal. Hence, surgeons have to remove the affected part to prevent the potential damage it can cause to other body parts.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Patients that are hospitalized or have limited mobility due to any medical condition are at increased risk of deep vein thrombosis. Because of immobility, clots begin to develop which can block the flow of blood in the legs. Impaired circulation deprives the tissue of nutrients which consequently leads to tissue death. The cytokine release following the tissue death can lead to cardiopulmonary events and cause the patient’s death.

Physicians try to resolve the clot with medication and minimally invasive techniques, but if the damage is severe, the patients have to undergo amputation.  

Frostbite

Extremely cold temperatures can produce frostbites. Tissues of the body that are not covered experience protein, lipid, and electrolyte disruption which ultimately cause necrosis. The affected area turns black and the blood supply gets blocked. Mild to moderate frostbites can resolve with medications but severe frostbites need an amputation.

Neuromas

Neuromas are essentially tumors also known as pinched nerves. They usually originate between the third and fourth toes and bring a great deal of pain, burning sensation, and numbness to the area. To eliminate the chronic pain, the surgeon may have to amputate the entire area.

Cancerous Tumors in Bone or Muscle

Tumors can also develop in the muscles and bones of our limbs. While benign tumors are usually harmless, cancerous tumors can migrate and affect other parts of the body. In the latter case, surgeons have to intervene and take the tumors out. But if the location of growth is such that it cannot be removed without removing the bones or muscles of the area, surgeons may have to amputate such limbs in the greater interest of the patient’s health.

Procedure of Amputation

The overall procedure changes with respect to the part or the type of limb that is being amputated. However, there are certain things that remain the same.

  • Amputations are done under general anesthesia to prevent psychological trauma.
  • Surgeons remove all the affected tissue but try to keep as much healthy tissue they can.
  • Depending on the procedure, the surgeon may close the wound or keep it open for further tissue resection.
  • All the blood vessels are sealed, bones are smoothened and shaped to support artificial limbs in the future.
  • It requires five to fourteen days of hospital stay for monitoring of complications.

Recovery From Amputation

Recovery from amputation greatly depends on the type and extent of tissue removal. Health conditions like diabetes and hypertension can increase the recovery time. Many patients also need physiological help in addition to physical and occupational therapy.

Physical therapy increases the strength of the remaining muscles and bones. Occupational therapy teaches the patients to cope with physical challenges associated with such procedures. Physiological sessions help patients in dealing with the emotional trauma of losing a body part and resultant emotional burden.

Bottom Line

Amputation is a life-saving procedure but the patients face a lot of emotional and physical challenges. That said, it is an expensive procedure and not all patients can afford it. Not only does Transparent Hands provide free amputation surgeries to deserving patients but also helps them get back on their feet by equipping them with artificial limbs. Donate now to support this cause.

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Five common pediatric health conditions in Pakistan https://www.transparenthands.org/five-common-pediatric-health-conditions-in-pakistan/ https://www.transparenthands.org/five-common-pediatric-health-conditions-in-pakistan/#respond Tue, 15 Feb 2022 11:30:51 +0000 https://www.transparenthands.org/?p=141854 Pediatric diseases can vary from country to country. As a

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Pediatric diseases can vary from country to country. As a developing country, Pakistan also faces many pediatric diseases. Here, we will only discuss the most prevalent pediatric diseases reported in our hospitals.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea involves loose and watery stools. It is one of the most common diseases that lead to hospitalizations among pediatric patients. It is usually caused by bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections.

Causes

Unhygienic food is a major cause of diarrhea. There can also be some other causes such as food intolerances and the use of medicines like antibiotics. Antibiotics cause disturbances in the microbes of the gastrointestinal tract. Some people are intolerant to some types of foods like lactose, gluten, and soy. Whenever they consume foods containing these ingredients, they suffer from diarrhea. Inflammatory conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) also cause diarrhea. Due to varying causes of diarrhea, it is treated according to the cause.

Role of Rehydration in Management of Diarrhea

Dehydration is a major complication associated with diarrhea and it can even be fatal. An increase in fluid intake is very important in managing diarrhea. Doctors often prescribe oral rehydration solutions to manage dehydration in diarrhea.

Prevention

  • Take care of hygiene
  • Ensure clean germ-free food and drinking water
  • Always wash hands before eating

Typhoid

Typhoid or enteric fever is a life-threatening bacterial infection. If it goes untreated it can cause perforation of the intestine and internal bleeding, consequently causing the patient’s death.  

Causes

Typhoid is caused by bacteria called Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi. They get into the human body usually by contaminated food. Typhoid is also more prevalent in populations where people don’t practice good hygiene.

Symptoms

Typhoid symptoms include high-grade fever, constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, red spots on the skin, severe headache, and malaise. If typhoid is treated inadequately, it even causes perforations in the intestine.

Prevention

  • Always eat hygienic food
  • Get vaccinated against typhoid fever
  • Always drink well-treated water
  • Wash hands frequently

3. Flu

Influenza commonly known as flu is a very contagious viral infection. Children are more sensitive to it.

Symptoms

 Its symptoms appear very suddenly and become better with time. However, if it becomes complicated it might even be fatal. Complications of flu include pneumonia. The characteristic signs and symptoms include cough, sore throat, fever, and chills. Children may also feel uncomfortable while sleeping if they develop chest congestion. Flu also causes loss of appetite in children.


Red Alerts in Flu

There are some emergency signs of flu that include blue lips, difficulty in breathing, and seizures. Immediate medical attention must be sought in case such signs and symptoms appear in children.

Preventions

  • Maintain personal hygiene 
  • Avoid contact with people who are already sick
  • Use sanitizers and wash hands 

4. Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lung inflammation due to infection. It could be due to viral, bacterial, or fungal infection. It can affect one or both lungs. Air sacs present in lungs filled with pus or fluids and cause difficulty in breathing. Most pneumonia cases can be treated by simple oral medication. In case of further complications, it can even be fatal.

Symptoms

The classical symptoms of pneumonia include cough with phlegm, difficulty in breathing, chills fever, and shortness of breath. While coughing and breathing, the patient feels chest pain. Children often show restlessness, difficulty in breathing, and lack of energy during this infection. 

Types of pneumonia

Pneumonia is classified into various classes, depending on the nature of the causative agent and the place from where you contract the infection.

Community-acquired pneumonia

It is the most common type of pneumonia which is contracted anywhere from the community, except a hospital or healthcare facility. Community-acquired pneumonia can be caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, or mycoplasma.

Hospital-acquired pneumonia

Patients can also get their lungs infected during a hospital stay due to other health-related problems and this type of pneumonia is termed hospital-acquired pneumonia.

Preventions

  • Get your children vaccinated
  • Take care of personal hygiene
  • Wash hands frequently

Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a very contagious infection. A virus named varicella – zoster virus causes it. It mostly affects children but adults can catch it too. Children below the age of two are more susceptible to catching this infection.

Symptoms

The characteristic symptom of chickenpox is an extremely itchy rash with pink-colored blisters all over your body. Chickenpox also causes fever, weakness, loss of appetite, and irritation in children.

Prevention

  • Children should be vaccinated against chickenpox
  • Avoid direct contact with infected persons

Bottom Line

Most of the diseases that are prevalent in the Pakistani pediatric population can be prevented by vaccination and practicing basic hygiene. Transparent Hands hold medical camps all across Pakistan to provide free consultations and diagnostic tests to deserving patients, including women and children. We also provide free pediatric surgeries. Support our mission and donate to this cause now.

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Why Vitamin D Deficiency Should Never Be Ignored https://www.transparenthands.org/why-vitamin-d-deficiency-should-never-be-ignored/ https://www.transparenthands.org/why-vitamin-d-deficiency-should-never-be-ignored/#respond Tue, 15 Feb 2022 11:26:50 +0000 https://www.transparenthands.org/?p=141850 Vitamin D is a fat-soluble steroidal substance that is essential

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Vitamin D is a fat-soluble steroidal substance that is essential for the regulation of normal body functions. It plays an instrumental part in the absorption of calcium and phosphorus which go from the intestine to the blood. Deficiency of Vitamin D is reported in 14-59% of the adult Asian population. It is a serious health problem that should never be ignored.

 

Vitamin D Deficiency Leading to Serious Health Conditions

Vitamin D plays a crucial role in the absorption of two very important minerals: calcium and phosphorus. The deficiency of vitamin D impairs the absorption of these minerals, which leads to a number of medical conditions. Some of these conditions include:

 

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is the weakening of bones which can happen because of a number of reasons. The most common of them is vitamin D deficiency. Calcium is an important component that makes our bones, but it is also required for a number of other body functions. When the body is unable to absorb the required amount of calcium because of vitamin D deficiency, it initiates a compensatory mechanism.

 

The compensatory mechanism takes the calcium from bones and uses it elsewhere in the body. As a result of this calcium transfer, the bones start to weaken. This makes the bones and joints more susceptible to fractures and cracks. This problem is most commonly observed in the aged population.

 

Osteomalacia

Osteomalacia is the softening of bones as a result of calcium and vitamin D deficiency. During the development phase, our bones are rapidly growing and they need calcium. To ensure that bones are getting enough calcium, vitamin D is necessary. Lack of enough calcium leads to suboptimal growth which produces soft bones that are prone to fractures and cracks.

 

This condition is most common in children and can be diagnosed by examining their walking patterns.

 

Hyperparathyroidism

Parathyroid glands are located in our neck region and are responsible for the regulation of calcium within our body. As the level of calcium drops in our body owing to vitamin D deficiency, these glands secrete large amounts of parathyroid hormone which leads to excess calcium in our bloodstream. It causes a plethora of medical problems that include:

  • Joint pain
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Loss of appetite
  • Trouble in concentrating
  • Nausea and Vomiting

 

Muscle Weakness

Vitamin D deficiency also impacts muscles and weakens them. This leads to the feeling of tiredness, inability to walk or run for long distances, impaired ability to hold weights, and muscular pain. Patients who are experiencing these symptoms need to seek professional advice to prevent further complications and resolve the problems.

 

Risk of Cancer

Several studies have pointed out that vitamin D deficiency can lead to a number of cancers. Vitamin D and its derivatives decrease rapid cell proliferation by activating a number of genes in our body. The deficiency impairs the activation of cancer-preventing genes and produces several types of organ-specific cancers. Most common cancers associated with vitamin D deficiency include:

  • Colon Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer

 

Impaired Immune System

Vitamin D is important for the functioning of almost all the cells that make up our immune system. The poor vitamin D status in the body produces abnormalities in these cells which lead to a number of autoimmune diseases. Commonly observed conditions because of the impaired immune system owing to vitamin D deficiency include:

  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Asthma
  • Upper respiratory infections
  • Tuberculosis
  • COPD exacerbation
  • COVID-19

 

Cardiovascular Conditions

There is sufficient evidence to support the fact that vitamin deficiencies can contribute to the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular events like strokes and heart attacks. Patients who already have a history of heart disease in the family are at higher risk.

 

Diabetes

There are a number of factors that put individuals at higher risk of acquiring diabetes. Vitamin D deficiency is one of them and it can produce both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients. Vitamin D improves the functioning of the pancreas, which is responsible for insulin production. It also sensitizes cells for the insulin in the body. Deficiency of vitamins results in the loss of both functions and as result leads to diabetes.

 

Symptoms of Vitamin D deficiency

Symptoms of Vitamin D deficiency vary from patient to patient both in terms of frequency and intensity. It is possible that not all patients experience the same symptoms. With that said, these are the most common symptoms:

  • Joint Pain
  • Fatigue
  • Cardiovascular problems
  • Toothaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Frequent muscle spasms

 

Causes of Vitamin D deficiency

  • Vitamin D deficiency originates because of:
  • Decreased intake of vitamin D
  • Inability to absorb and metabolize vitamin D
  • Decreased exposure to sunlight

 

Individuals at Higher Risk of Vitamin D Deficiency

Although vitamin D deficiency can arise in any individual, there are certain populations that are at a higher level of risk. These include:

  • Pregnant Females
  • Patients with chronic kidney diseases
  • Malnourished people
  • Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Aged People

 

Should You Take Vitamin D supplements?

Like the deficiency of Vitamin D, over-supplementation of it can also lead to medical problems especially in people who have underlying liver disease. That is why you must check with your physician or pharmacist before taking such supplements. Get adequate information about vitamin D doses and possible side effects to avoid potential problems.

Bottom Line  

Vitamin D deficiency is a serious medical problem that should never be ignored. Contrary to popular belief, the problems are not limited to just the skeletal system. You can experience a number of extra-skeleton symptoms as well. It is best to seek expert advice if you are experiencing any of the symptoms stated above. 

Transparent Hands is a non-profit organization that provides free medical treatments to the underprivileged in Pakistan. We also provide orthopedic surgeries and procedures. We need the support of donors like you to bring quality health care to even more deserving patients this year. Donate generously

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Hysterectomy: A common Surgery in Pakistan https://www.transparenthands.org/hysterectomy-a-common-surgery-in-pakistan/ https://www.transparenthands.org/hysterectomy-a-common-surgery-in-pakistan/#respond Tue, 15 Feb 2022 10:40:49 +0000 https://www.transparenthands.org/?p=141843 Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus via surgical intervention

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Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus via surgical intervention to cure or prevent a number of medical conditions. It is one of the most common surgeries in Pakistan and is often preventable. Conditions that lead to hysterectomies can be managed but they often go unnoticed due to lack of awareness. Often, by the time symptoms appear, removing the uterus is the only effective treatment. 

 

Why Hysterectomy?

There are a number of medical conditions that make hysterectomy necessary in the interest of the health of the patients. Some of these conditions include:

 

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is a potentially fatal medical condition if it goes unnoticed. Symptoms of ovarian cancer include abdominal bloating, weight loss, fatigue, backaches, fluctuation in bowel habits, and urges to urinate.

 

The human female reproductive system has two ovaries and when the cancer is localized to one ovary it is known as unilateral cancer and if both ovaries are affected it is called bilateral ovarian cancer. Treatment of the condition depends on the severity and location of cancer.

If the cancer is localized and narrow it can be managed with conservative surgeries and chemotherapy. Hysterectomy is needed if the cancer is spreading too fast and is not localized to a narrow region.

 

Uterine Fibroids

It is a condition when noncancerous tumors begin to grow inside the uterus. The condition can cause pain and heavy bleeding which can lead to anemia. Consequently, patients can develop a number of other conditions as well. Physicians try to manage the condition by prescribing hormonal drugs and certain coagulants. But if the medicine fails to manage the condition hysterectomy has to be performed.

 

Pelvic Infection

An infection in areas surrounding the uterus can also require a hysterectomy. It is associated with excruciating pain, bleeding, and swelling in the region. At times when the infection is too severe, it can damage the uterus’ tissue. Leaving the necrotic tissue inside the body can cause a number of fatal medical conditions. Hence, the physicians would try to prevent the damage by prescribing some antibiotics. But if they do not work, surgeons have to intervene and perform a hysterectomy.

 

Other conditions that may require hysterectomy include:

  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Uterine leiomyomas
  • Premalignant disease
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine prolapse

 

Types of Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy can be divided into further types based on the extent and organs that are removed. The choice of the type depends on the kind and severity of medical conditions.

 

Total Hysterectomy

As the name indicates, this type of hysterectomy removes the entire uterus. It is most commonly performed on patients that are past menopause.

 

Subtotal Hysterectomy

This type of hysterectomy removes the uterus but leaves the cervix in place.

 

Total Hysterectomy with Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy

This surgery involves the removal of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It is usually performed on patients with malignant tumors in the reproductive system.

 

Radical Hysterectomy

Radical Hysterectomy is the most extensive surgery that involves removal of the vagina as well in addition to the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and lymph glands. Surgeons perform this surgery when cancer has grown significantly and has also spread to surrounding lymph nodes.

 

Routes of Hysterectomy

Previously the only route to perform a hysterectomy was through the abdomen, a technique similar to C-Section. But with technological advancement, it can be done without cutting through the abdomen.

 

Laparoscopic Route

Laparoscopic surgery involves small incisions in the abdomen of the patient and removal of the uterus through those incisions. The uterus is cut into several pieces and taken out through those tiny holes. It leaves minimal surgical marks and the recovery is also rapid.

 

Vaginal Route

With this technique, small cuts are made at the top of the vagina and the uterus is removed in pieces. Patients’ recovery with this technique is fast as well.

 

Complication of Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is generally considered a safe procedure but there are certain risks nonetheless. These include:

  • Bleeding
  • Surgical site infection
  • Hospital-acquired infection
  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • Damage to nearby organs

 

Life After Hysterectomy

Hysterectomies are done by assessing the risk-to-benefit ratio and only when physicians deem it necessary. Even though it saves the patient from potentially fatal conditions, it comes at the expense of certain compromises. For example:

  • Patients who undergo hysterectomy along with the removal of ovaries cannot get pregnant.
  • Patients immediately go into menopause.
  • Hormonal changes

 

Recovery Time

Recovery time after the hysterectomy depends on the type of technique used and the extent of removal. But in any case, it is a major medical procedure that requires the patients to be admitted to a hospital at least for a few days.

 

Can Hysterectomy Be Avoided?

Some conditions like Uterine Fibroids, if detected before progression, can be managed via medications. But it is important that the condition is detected in the early stages. In such cases, hysterectomies can be avoided, or at least the surgery can be delayed for a few years.

 

Bottom Line

Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that is common in Pakistan. It is carried out for a number of conditions and sometimes renders the patient infertile. Transparent Hands provides hysterectomies to deserving patients free of charge.

However, we need your support to do so. Please donate generously.

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Differences Between C-Section and Normal Delivery https://www.transparenthands.org/differences-between-c-section-and-normal-delivery/ https://www.transparenthands.org/differences-between-c-section-and-normal-delivery/#respond Tue, 15 Feb 2022 10:22:31 +0000 https://www.transparenthands.org/?p=141840 Both normal birth and C-Section are common ways to deliver

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Both normal birth and C-Section are common ways to deliver a baby. Sometimes, it’s a personal choice, but in other cases, undergoing a C-Section is a medical necessity. To make an informed choice, it is important to understand the benefits and drawbacks of both types of delivery. 

Normal delivery

Natural birth through the vagina without any abdominal incision is known as normal delivery. It is a natural process and better for the health of both the mother and the child. Normal delivery involves least to no medical intervention and thus it reduces multiple risks concerning the mother’s and child’s health.

Undoubtedly, normal delivery is preferred over Cesarean section until and unless it is medically required after taking into consideration the health of both the mother and the child or one of them. Normal delivery has a number of advantages over C-section but the most important ones include:

Reduced Risk of Complications

Normal delivery significantly reduces the risks that are involved in C-sections. Medical interventions in C-Section involve various risks such as delayed initial development of a born baby.

Better Breathing 

During normal delivery, nature prepares the baby to breathe properly in the atmosphere. Labor induces various hormonal changes in the body of the baby, which helps the baby to breathe optimally in the atmosphere after birth.

Nutritional Support

Before the C-Section, mothers are stopped from drinking and eating. It is a routine for any procedure that involves anesthesia. But with Normal delivery, there are no such restrictions. Mothers are free to eat and drink, and this nutritional support is helpful in reducing complications during the process of giving birth.

Natural Pain Management

Normal delivery is a painful process but our body is prepared for that. A number of hormones are released at the time of delivery, including endorphins. Hence, the pain is reduced by many folds. Furthermore, medical pain management is also available, which makes the process less stressful and painful.

Babies with Better Immunity

Researchers have noticed that the level of immunity differs between the babies born with normal delivery and those through C-sections. They have found that babies born with normal deliveries have better immunity. Such babies are innately less prone to various infections. It is also evident that babies born through C-section may develop various allergies later after birth. The development of asthma has been observed more frequently in children born with C-Section.

Fast Recovery & Cost-Effectiveness

Post-birth recovery in mothers that deliver normally is very fast. Contrarily, mothers who undergo C-sections take a lot of time to recover. The incision in C-Section takes a lot of time to heal. Normal deliveries are also more affordable compared to C-Sections. 

Better Mother & Child Health

Reduction in hospital stay due to faster recovery is beneficial for both the mother and the child as it reduces the chances of hospital-acquired infections. Better care of babies in the initial months of growth is important as it helps a lot in developing a good immune system.

Mental Development

Research tells us that babies born with normal delivery have relatively better mental development. Certain proteins and other chemicals produced during normal delivery optimize mental development in children.

Ease in Breast-Feeding

Mothers that give birth through normal delivery heal quickly, which helps a lot in breastfeeding as it involves postural considerations.

Cesarean section

C-Section is a surgical procedure that involves the birth of one or more babies by an incision through the abdomen and uterus. Physicians recommend this procedure only when certain complications can arise with normal delivery. Sometimes, it is performed at the discretion of the mother too.

 

C-sections can result in multiple post-birth complications compared to normal delivery. Some of the common ones include:

Delayed Healing and Infection

The surgical incision or cut takes a lot of time to heal which makes the mother prone to infections. And if not managed properly, it can even be fatal.

Anesthetic Complications

Spinal anesthesia in C-sections can contribute to various spinal and brain-related complications in the mother. Postpartum headache is one of the most common complications.

Weakness

Bleeding associated with C-sections is a major cause of weakness and lethargy in mothers, which might contribute to compromised care of the newborn. As C-section is considered to be a major surgical procedure, it also affects movements and postures which might be required in breastfeeding.

Incidental surgical injuries

C- Section inherently poses a risk of injuries to other organs that are situated near the site of surgery. Even though the incidence of such occurrences is rare, the risk is there nonetheless.

Future risks

Once women have had a C-section, it increases the chances of requiring this surgical procedure again in the next pregnancy. It can complicate future pregnancies too.

Disturbed GIT

C-Section also causes a reduction in the biodiversity of the gut, which may affect the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Physicians may prescribe certain probiotics to help with it. 

Medical reasons for choosing a C-Section

While natural delivery is more beneficial and should be preferred, there are some instances when C-Section cannot be avoided. 

  • Prolonged labor is the main cause in one-third of C-Section cases.
  • Birth of twins and triplets is preferred via C-Section.
  • To avoid complications in pregnant women with chronic medical conditions.
  • The abnormal positioning of a baby sometimes makes it difficult to have a normal delivery.
  • To avoid further complications in the delivery of babies with defects.
  • Previous history of C-Sections.
  • Irregular positioning of the placenta.

Bottom Line – Differences Between C-Section and Normal Delivery

Natural delivery is the preferred method of birth, but there are some cases when performing a C-section is necessary. Hence, a professional opinion must be sought. C-Sections have saved the lives of countless mothers and babies around the world. Transparent Hands also provides free C-Sections to deserving patients. But we need the support of generous donors like you to help even more mothers with bringing their babies safely into the world.

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Private Donations Increase By 10% During the COVID-19 Pandemic https://www.transparenthands.org/private-donations-increase-by-10-during-the-covid-19-pandemic/ https://www.transparenthands.org/private-donations-increase-by-10-during-the-covid-19-pandemic/#respond Tue, 15 Feb 2022 10:11:44 +0000 https://www.transparenthands.org/?p=141833 COVID-19 has wreaked havoc around the world. It has caused

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COVID-19 has wreaked havoc around the world. It has caused millions of deaths worldwide and led nations to economic crises. However, amidst all this, people have not forgotten philanthropy and have donated to charities even more than usual. There has been unparalleled support for the underprivileged and needy during these challenging times.

Reasons for Increase in Donations

COVID-19 has uncovered several problems with the economic and health care systems of the world. Donors have been compelled to contribute even more to help those who are suffering due to these problems. Some of the problems include:

Struggling Health Care Systems

Hospitals all around the world were flooded with patients and the number was much higher than the capacity of the facilities. Conditions were even appalling in the developing world as patients struggled to find life-saving treatments. The fact that there were a limited number of ventilators was a major problem. The number of beds and ICU facilities were also insufficient at many hospitals. 

This led to increased support from donors all around the world to help patients. Not only were donations made to increase the capacities of hospitals and to procure necessary medical supplies, but donors also helped patients with getting treatments at private hospitals.

A number of donations, including medical supplies, facemasks, and vaccines, were made by developed countries to help developing countries. 

Funding for Research

COVID-19 was a novel virus and not much was known about it. It was clear that more research was needed to curb the problem. Privileged individuals and several organizations supported research projects related to COVID-19.

Although vaccine development was largely being carried out at the governmental and corporate level, some local labs also worked to develop treatments. Most of these local projects were funded by private individuals. 

Unemployment

COVID-19 affected economics all around the world and various businesses were shut down. Downsizings were happening at an unprecedented scale, which led to a rise in unemployment. Amidst the pandemic, new opportunities were also scarce which made some people struggle to make ends meet.

Even the most developed countries like the USA experienced rising rates of unemployment and homelessness. Fortunately, people came forward and set up funds to help these people. Donations to NGOs working for the same causes also increased. 

WHO’s COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund

The World Health Organization set up a fund to help the countries that were in need of support. The fund received donations from all around the world and proved crucial in managing the pandemic in developing countries. It provided the struggling countries with kits to identify patients as well as medical equipment.

Some countries lacked even basics like personal protective equipment but thanks to this fund a large number of PPEs were also provided. Given the transparency and credibility of WHO a lot of people and organizations supported the cause.

Local Funds Created By Governments

Many governments around the world set up funds where individuals could donate to improve the conditions in their countries. Pakistan also set up PM’s COVID-19 Fund which received donations from all over the world.

These donations were used to improve health care infrastructure and to help people that were gravely affected by the Pandemic. 

Bottom Line

COVID-19 with all its detrimental effects around the world also brought out the good in people and led to an increase in philanthropic donations. Donors came forward to help those in need and made things a little easier for them. 

We at Transparent Hands also work with the same passion and have been providing quality health care, including free surgeries and procedures, to deserving patients across Pakistan. Our goal is to make health care accessible to all. We have provided over 40,000 medical treatments and organized more than 100 medical camps in the underprivileged and remote areas of Pakistan. 

As a nonprofit organization, we need the financial support of donors like you to help those in need of quality health care. Discover a deserving patient you would like to support and donate now.

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7 Important Checkups for Senior Citizens https://www.transparenthands.org/7-important-checkups-for-senior-citizens/ https://www.transparenthands.org/7-important-checkups-for-senior-citizens/#respond Fri, 11 Feb 2022 07:50:31 +0000 https://www.transparenthands.org/?p=141529 Old age is a risk factor for a number of

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Old age is a risk factor for a number of medical conditions. It is highly important to undergo these 7 Important Checkups to identify these conditions at their earliest. Earlier diagnosis prevents the progression of these diseases and improves the quality of life. The seven most important check-ups for senior citizens include:

Cardiovascular Checkups

As we grow older, the blood vessels start to lose their elasticity and become stiffer and hardened. The hardened vessels present more resistance to the blood flow and increase the blood pressure. Hence, the blood pressure rises and increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases for such individuals.

Therefore, it is important for senior citizens to routinely monitor their blood pressure. And if three consecutive readings are above 140/90 mmHg, immediately seek professional advice.

Lipid Profile

Old age also increases the likelihood of higher cholesterol in the blood. It is usually most common in women because of hormonal changes after menopause. Low-density lipids, also known as bad lipids, begin to rise while high-density lipids, also known as good lipids, start depleting. This can increase the risk of coronary artery disease and other cardiovascular diseases, including heart attack and stroke.

Hence, senior citizens should routinely undergo screenings and if the lipid level is not within the normal range, it’s important to seek health advice. Usually, physicians recommend changes in the diet if the levels are not too abnormal. But if they are, you would be prescribed lipid-lowering medications.

Bone Density Checkup

For people who are 25 to 50 years old, the bone density remains stable as the breakdown and formation are at equilibrium. But after 50, the formation of bone slows down and the breakdown increases which can lead to osteoporosis. It weakens that bone and puts the patients at higher risk of fracture.

Again, it is most common for women as estrogen, a hormone, plays an important role in bone development. After menopause, the hormone levels in the blood reduce, which affects the strength of bones. Hence, it is important to undergo routine screening for bone density.

The most common tests used to identify bone-related disorders are ALP and Dexa Scans.  

Diabetes Screening

Old age is a risk factor for diabetes as well. Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 is the most common one and it often goes unnoticed. Unlike Type 1 DM, symptoms of Type 2 DM are not that severe and patients may not even know it until they undergo a medical screening. In addition to impairing the body’s ability to heal itself, DM can also lead to eye-related issues, neuropathy, and vascular disease. Therefore, it is extremely important to identify the disease at its earliest and start managing it.

Although BSR (blood sugar random) can give you indications about the disease, HbA1c is required to make a proper diagnosis. Hence, senior citizens should check their HbA1c levels at least once every four months.

Some patients may experience symptoms such as:

  • Increased hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Impaired healing ability

Mental and Cognitive Checkups

Alzheimer’s disease and Dementia are very common in the older population. These conditions are associated with forgetfulness, changes in mood, and the inability to learn new things. Although there are currently no treatments to permanently cure these conditions, early diagnosis can slow down the progression.

Neurologists have devised several scales to test the mental and cognitive functions of the body. Senior citizens must visit their physicians routinely for the early detection of these diseases. Symptoms of these conditions include:

  • Increased memory loss and confusion
  • Problems with reading, writing, and working with numbers
  • Difficulty in organizing thoughts
  • Decreased attention span
  • Inability to cope with novel situations

Eye examination

Eyesight can also become compromised as our body ages. Some of the most common conditions associated with old age include glaucoma, dry eyes, temporal arteritis, cataracts and macular degeneration. Almost all of these conditions are associated with loss in eyesight.

Impaired eyesight can cause great difficulty in carrying out daily chores and tasks. Fortunately, most of these medical conditions are curable with medications and certain procedures. But it is important not to ignore these problems and routinely undergo eye examinations.  

Fall Risk Assessment

Older populations are at higher risk of falling down. Increased fall risk can lead to fractures which can take a lot of time to heal as the body’s ability to heal itself is also compromised. Hip fracture is the most common one, which can lead to long-term hospitalization and may require surgical treatment. Due to old age, the body takes a lot of time to heal and the hospitalization time increases as well.

It is very important to undergo fall risk assessment and take precautionary measures if patients are at higher risk. It is a routine procedure at most geriatric healthcare centers.

Bottom Line – 7 Important Checkups

Old age comes with a number of medical problems but most of these conditions can be prevented with a few precautions. It is important to undergo routine medical evaluations to detect these conditions at their early stages. Doing so can halt the progression of the disease at an early stage and improve the overall quality of life.

Transparent Hands has helped hundreds of geriatric patients since 2014. Not only do we set up free medical camps where they can visit for checkups, but also provide them with surgical and medical treatments. We function with total transparency and provide detail of each case on our website. Donate to this cause now.

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Why Amputation Is Becoming Common? https://www.transparenthands.org/why-amputation-is-becoming-common/ https://www.transparenthands.org/why-amputation-is-becoming-common/#respond Fri, 11 Feb 2022 07:41:48 +0000 https://www.transparenthands.org/?p=141525 Over the past few years, the amputation rate has increased

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Over the past few years, the amputation rate has increased around the world. This is a sign of concern not only for patients but for health authorities as well. Several reasons have contributed to the rise in amputations:

COVID-19

COVID-19 itself is not a cause of amputations. However, since its emergence, cases of amputation have risen. During the pandemic, many OPDs were closed down and consultations were delayed. As a result, many patients with underlying disease experienced infections that ultimately lead to amputations.

Within the hospitals, beds were designated to COVID-19 patients, which reduced the available beds for other patients. Patients who could otherwise have received treatments for wounds were not able to get medical attention. The delay in medical care resulted in increased risk of infection, which ultimately led to amputations.

Some patients did not visit hospitals themselves because of the fear of catching COVID-19. Despite suffering from stubborn and dangerous infections, people were reluctant to go to hospitals. This also delayed the medical care that could save the patients from amputations. Hence, cases of amputation tripled.

Rise of Diabetes Cases

Diabetes is one of the major medical conditions that leads to amputations. Unfortunately, the prevalence of diabetes is increasing every year and increasing the risk of limb removal. As per IDF Diabetes report, almost 19 million adults in Pakistan are estimated to be living with diabetes. The overall prevalence of the disease is at 17.1%, which is about 148% higher than previously reported figures.

Diabetic foot and foot ulcer are common complications that require amputation to save a patient’s life. Due to increasing cases of diabetes, the amputation rate has also increased.

Subpar Awareness of Wound Care

Wounds are prone to infections which in turn can damage the cells and tissues in the area. Sometimes the damage is too severe and amputation is required. To avoid this, quality wound care facilities and awareness is required. Patients hardly seek medical advice for wounds and instead try to treat it at home with self-medication.

Because of subpar wound care awareness, the same bandages are used over and over again. Consequently, the area becomes more prone to infection. Often, by the time patients seek medical advice, infections become resistant to antibiotics and amputation is required to save the patient’s life.

Traffic Accidents

Severe traffic accidents can crush bones beyond repair. In many cases, the only way to treat such patients is to amputate the damaged limb. From 2009 to 2020, about 104,105 accidents were reported in Pakistan. Almost half of them were fatal while others left the patients with disabling injuries.

What is even more concerning is that the number of accidents is rising. Since such accidents are one of the major reasons for amputations, the overall amputation rates in Pakistan have also risen.

Smoking

Smoking not only leads to lung and mouth cancer but is also responsible for vascular conditions in humans. Chemicals in tobacco cause the arteries to become narrow and hardened. It reduces the blood supply to the tissues and cells, which start to die. When the damage becomes too severe in the limbs they have to be amputated.

Pakistan has one of the world’s largest smoking populations. The rising number of smokers has increased medical conditions like diabetes, hypertension and cancer as well. In addition to resulting conditions that can lead to amputations, smoking itself can also lead to amputations. 

Measures To Reduce Amputations

In order to reduce the amputation rate, the following steps can be taken:

  • Campaigns to increase awareness amputations and its common causes
  • Health care for the patients at risk of amputation should not be delayed
  • Factors that are contributing to rising cases of diabetes should be controlled
  • Patients must be thoroughly briefed about the possible complications of diabetes
  • Smoking cessation efforts should be made at a larger scale
  • Strict traffic laws should be in place to prevent physically disabling accidents
  • Public should be taught about basic wound care and when to seek professional medical advice
  • Amidst the rise of COVID cases, other patients must not be ignored

Transparent Hands has been providing amputation surgeries as well as artificial limbs free of charge since 2014. We also set up free medical camps where deserving patients can get their sugar level checked. We need the support of generous donors like you to do all this. Donate to this cause now.

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5 Reasons To Give Zakat To Charity Organizations https://www.transparenthands.org/5-reasons-to-give-zakat-to-charity-organizations/ https://www.transparenthands.org/5-reasons-to-give-zakat-to-charity-organizations/#respond Fri, 11 Feb 2022 07:35:48 +0000 https://www.transparenthands.org/?p=141522 Giving Zakat is not a choice but an obligation for

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Giving Zakat is not a choice but an obligation for Muslims around the world. Every year, millions of people give Zakat to underprivileged families. The experience of giving Zakat is rewarding for donors as well. Knowing that the donation has helped a family, one can sleep peacefully at night.

While these Zakat donations can be made directly to disadvantaged families, there are certain benefits in donating to charitable organizations. These include:

1. It Is Convenient

Charitable organizations have various causes lined up for donations and they make it easy for you to give Zakat. You would not have to go out and find the deserving families by yourself. Organizations like Transparent Hands identify and list people who are eligible for Zakat to make the process easier for you. You can simply visit the websites of such organizations to find details of these individuals and families.

Charitable organizations also sort the cases based on urgencies and needs. By donating to them, you can make sure the funds are going to those that need them the most.

Today, most charitable organizations allow you to give Zakat conveniently through online bank transfers, credit cards, PayPal, etc. instead of cash. You can make donations from the comfort of your home. 

You can even find online Zakat calculators to find how much Zakat you are required to give. Just enter the required details and it would immediately calculate the Zakat for you. 

2. Make a Bigger Difference

Regardless of the amount, giving Zakat makes a huge difference in the lives of underprivileged families. But donating to charitable organizations can be even more impactful. Here’s how:

Charitable organizations target the causes that are more important. Usually, you would be able to sort and filter the cases listed on the websites of these organizations. Some causes require large funds and multiple individual donors may have to join hands to cover it. Charitable organizations, especially those that have a crowdfunding platform, can handle such causes easily. Charitable organizations are well-connected, have large networks of volunteers, and have the know-how and resources to make a greater impact. 

3. No Risk Of Scams

Unfortunately, financial scams are very common in today’s day and age. Some people pretend to be needy and scam those that want to help. Donating to charitable organizations does not carry such risks.

These organizations have very strong checks in place to ensure only deserving individuals make into the programs. Such people are verified and asked to produce the required documentation. Hence, while donating to a charitable organization, you can rest assured that your Zakat is going for the right cause. 

That said, it is also important to check the credibility of organizations. Charitable organizations must be registered by the government and be transparent in their operations. While donating to  a charitable organization, always read their success stories to find out the kind of impact they have on society.

4. Organizations Have Specific Goals and Objectives

Charitable organizations usually work toward a specific cause. For example, some organizations help people in need of health care. Furthermore, organizations that focus on health care may have more specific goals. Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital serves cancer patients specifically. Transparent Hands provides free surgeries and medical procedures. 

It is quite possible that you have an inclination towards a specific cause. You can find organizations that are working toward that cause and help them with it. 

5. Exemption in Taxes

Donating to a charity can even be financially rewarding for donors. You can get a tax exemption in the US by providing proof of donations. It would not be possible for you to do so with direct donations. It only applies to donations given to organizations that are 501(C)3 approved. Saving money on taxes increases your ability to make even more donations in the future.

Bottom Line -5 Reasons To Give Zakat To Charity Organizations

Donating to charitable organizations has clear benefits over direct donations. It is convenient, no risks are involved, and you can contribute to great causes. Transparent Hands accepts Zakat and makes it easy for you to see when, how, and where it is being spent. We have made the process as convenient as possible for our donors. We are working towards making quality  health care accessible to all.

Since 2014, we have arranged free surgical and medical treatments for more than 2,000 patients and organized over 100 medical camps in remote areas of Pakistan. Give Zakat to Transparent Hands and help us reach even higher targets. 

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